Greece is Beatifull
TRavelling to Fourni
Fourni Korseon a group of islands between Ikaria and Samos, located in the small harbor, where approaching ferries and excursion boats. Common name of the island is the capital and port, which are spread around the secluded cove. The island group consists of twenty small islands, Fourni, Thymaina (which occupies the western part of the complex) and many rocks are around, which make the already unique landscape even more magical. The most famous of these is Agios Minas, the Alatonisi, the Little and Big Anthropofas the Thymainaki the pumice, Makronisi, Petrokaravo, the tiles and the Round.
Traces of a total of 23 shipwrecks dating from the end of the archaic period to the 19th century identified and documented during the second period (June 8-2 of July) of underwater Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities archaeological research in Fourni Ikarias.
The total number of detected and documented shipwrecks along the 22 already researched wrecks recorded in 2015 thus amounted to 45, making the archipelago Furnace richest ancient sea wrecks of Greek Territory and one of the richest in the Mediterranean Sea.
Hellenistic amphora from the wreck Vathylakos Thimena
The research aims to identify, record, document and study of ancient and medieval shipwrecks an island of Furnace. Surface exploration was performed using breathing apparatus and concentrated mainly in the coastal zone at depths up to 65 meters.
Besides shipwrecks, as the Ministry of Culture, there were hundreds of individual finds, mainly pottery discharges and anchors, true witnesses of volume and area of navigation and freight traffic on this key maritime crossroads of the eastern Aegean.
Knidiakoi amphorae from sinking in Ag. Minas Furnace
The most significant findings of the 2016 survey included a wreck with Koans amphorae, dating to the mid-Hellenistic period, a wreck Late Archaic / early classical period with a cargo of amphorae from the eastern Aegean, a shipwreck from Roman times with amphora load from Sinop Black sea, a shipwreck with amphorae from North Africa Roman possessions dating to 3rd to 4th century AD and a shipwreck laden table pottery early Christian times, also coming from North Africa. Also two stone tow (counterweights) archaic anchors, the largest of their kind that have been found to date in the Aegean.
The extensive diversity of loads and finding many shipwrecks with extraneous unless Aegean loads, seems to confirm the initial findings of the survey of 2015: the furnaces, an insignificant island, forgotten from ancient sources, were due to their geographical location and multifarious their coasts, to facilitate the mooring of vessels in any weather, a marine super-local importance node connected to a wider network of sea routes in antiquity.
Hull wreck of 18th century Balinese Furnace
Crucial to the success of the investigation was the awareness of the local population and the extensive collection of information from the community of fishermen and divers of Furnace and sponge divers from Kalymnos, who provided profusely about the existence of antiquities on the seabed and resulted in the fast tracking . Also important was the contribution of the Municipality Fourni – Korseon, Mayor C. MAROUSO the continued provision of services and facilities to the work of the Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities.
The general direction of research was the archaeologist of the Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities Dr. George Koutsouflakis while head of R.P.M. Foundation Nautical Foundation was archaeologist Peter Campbell.
findings marking work wreck archaic Fourni
It is estimated that the area investigated corresponds to a rate less than 15% of the total coastline surrounding the island group Fourni and the continuation of research in the coming years will lead to identification of an even larger number of shipwrecks, allowing the timeless understanding of use of the marine space and the thorough study of navigation and freight traffic in the archipelago of the Furnace.
It is estimated that the surface survey to identify shipwrecks in the year 2018 will be completed then, and taking more account of the overall data of detected shipwrecks, research will focus on exploring shipwrecks excavation of significant historical importance.